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In the summer of 1434, enraged miners and peasants burned the castle of Borganäs near Borlänge. The tension spread, causing several assaults on castles across the country. Nobleman Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson stood out as the rebel leader, commanding a peasant army.
In January 1435 Engelbrekt summoned representatives from the four Estates to a Diet in Arboga. Engelbrekt was elected Captain of the Realm. The antagonism abated when King Eric promised changes for the better. However, as before, people felt these promises were not being fulfilled, hence the rebels picked up their axes once more. On April 27, 1436 a rebel army unit was sent marching towards Stockholm, where people still supported king Eric due to strong and influential Danish presence in the city.
Engelbrekt was assassinated on May 4 by Måns Bengtsson.
In 1440, Eric, having been deposed in Denmark and Sweden, was succeeded by his nephew, Christopher of Bavaria, who had been chosen for the thrones. For ten years Erik lived on Gotland and made his living by piracy against the merchant trade in the Baltic.